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Pink eye is medically known as conjunctivitis and locally as apollo. Pink eye can be caused by virus, allergies and bacterial infections. Basically pink eye is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva is a thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the corner of the eye.

Conjunctivitis eye infection is highly contagious and spreads fast. Because kids touch everything, they are the most susceptible and one will find whole classes getting it when you get that little letter from school.

The signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis depends on the cause. These symptoms include but are not limited to:
● Redness of the eye
● Swelling of the eye
● Burning or gritty sensation in the eye
● Water discharge
● Sensitivity to light

Thankfully, recent studies have shown that local plants and common home remedies could be used to provide relief. The following home remedies should be used in the treatment of conjuctivitis.

1. Cold or warm compress
If you know the cause of the conjunctivitis is a bacterial or virus, a hot compress is advised. Dip a clean cloth in a slightly warm water and apply a gentle press over the pink eye. A warm compress will reduce the swollen red eye. A cold compress works majorly for pink eye resulting from an allergic reaction to an irritant. If you are using the warm compress on both eyes, use separate cloths for each eye. Using the same cloth for both reduces the efficiency and infection can be carried from one eye to the other.

2. Honey

Honey has a lot of health benefits because of the many properties it possesses. One of its advantages is that it can cure infection quickly because it has antibacterial properties.
How to use it:
● Three tablespoons of pure honey are mixed with two cups of hot water.
● Allow the mixture to cool down.
● After cooling, put some drops of the solution in the affected eye. You can also use the solution to wash your eyes, a minimum of two to three times daily.
● Also, you can apply it by dipping a clean cloth or cotton pad in the solution and place it on the affected eye for some minutes.
● Milk can also be used instead of boiling water.

3. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is a plant which possesses a lot of health benefits. Aloe vera possesses wound-healing properties and shows immune-modulatory, anti-inflammatory or antioxidant activities. To use Aloe Vera for Apollo, dip a part of a clean handkerchief in fresh Aloe Vera gel and place it on the affected eye. To make fresh Aloe Vera gel, all you have to do is to squeeze out the gel from the Aloe Vera leaves.

4. Turmeric
Turmeric is a good antibiotic, and it can be used to reduce the symptoms of Apollo. Add two tablespoons of turmeric powder to one cup of hot water and mix it. Use a clean cloth or cotton pad to apply it as a compress on the infected eye.

5. Potato
Potato is believed to be a natural astringent i.e. reduces bleeding from minor abrasions. To use it for your pink eye, cut slices of raw potato. Place the small slices on the affected eye for at least twenty minutes. Do this for two or three days to achieve good results.

6. Breast Milk
Doctors have found that present in the breast milk, both colostrum and mature milk is secretory IgA, an immune globulin that inhibits bacteria from sticking to mucous surfaces and so limits bacterial colonization in the eye.

7. Garlic
Garlic has excellent antibiotic effects and can be used to kill infections. To use garlic for your pink eye, peel a garlic clove and make a cut in it. Allow the juice in the clove to come out and apply it on the eyelid of the affected eye. You are probably going to feel a stinging feeling in your eye. This sensation will pass after some time.

8. Chamomile
Add one teaspoon of very dry chamomile flower in a cup of boiled water. Allow it to cool down and then wash your eyes with it after straining. Chamomile is one of the very effective home remedies for pink eye.

9. Castor oil
To treat a pink eye with castor oil, just apply a few drops of castor oil in the affected eye a minimum of three times a day.

There are certain measures that can be taken to prevent contacting Apollo.
1. Washing hands frequently and preferably with soap and warm water.
2. Avoid wearing other people’s contact lenses. Also, do not use lenses when you have Apollo.
3. Changing pillow covers as often as possible.
4. Avoid sharing handkerchiefs or towels especially with someone that has the infection.
5. Use a tissue or clean handkerchiefs to clean eyes always instead of using your hands.
6. Healthy people should avoid contact with an infected person during the course of infection. In the case of children, it is advisable that infected kids should be allowed to stay away from school during the infection.

Conjuctivitis should clear on its own within one to three weeks. Later than that, seek medical advice!

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